FROM the time of Plato at latest learned men in Europe have excogitated a considerable number of arguments which have the following feature in common, viz. that they would be

described as 'professing to prove the existence of God'. I purposely delimit the class of arguments which I have in mind by this purely verbal description because the word 'God' has been used in so many different senses by different thinkers. It is doubtful whether there is anything common and peculiar to all these arguments except that the conclusions of all of them are stated in the verbal form 'God exists' or in a translation of this into Greek or Latin or some other tongue.