The 16th century was a golden age for learned societies and, not by chance, the beginning of the scientific revolution. In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) published his De Revolutionibus (“On the Revolutions”), inaugurating a new world view: against intuition and, for some, in contradiction to the Holy Scripture, he proposed that the Earth orbits around the Sun. This masterpiece, written in Latin, is a complex mathematical treatise.