The permissive socio-political environment embedded in Cambodian history and society differs from that found in Germany. Formal restrictions and anti-group attitudes (dimensions one and two) did not revolve around one specific group, but rather around socio-economic, regional, and ethnic divisions. The final dimension – authoritarian approaches to conflict management – included many of the non-democratic tendencies of the German Second Reich, but also a considerable degree of elite political violence that influenced the genocidal brutality of the Khmer Rouge’s Democratic Kampuchea against the so-called “new people,” as well as ethnic and religious minorities.