There are three essential strands to Chapter 2 which are subsequently followed through in the rest of the book. First, it is necessary to establish the relationship between the Third World and tourism. At first sight this may seem an obvious link, but it is important to establish the dynamic nature of the relationship and frame it within broader, global changes. It is necessary to demonstrate the way in which tourism has expanded in the Third World, and how the frontiers of tourism have increasingly been pushed back. In order to do this we refer to the concept of globalisation (the first of our key words), a notion that attempts to capture the way in which the world has shrunk in relative terms. The analysis starts therefore from changes in the First World and we review the ways in which globalisation is reflected in economics, culture and politics.