My current research centers on memory-based reasoning, a connectionism-informed descendant of associative memory ideas. Memory-based reasoning holds considerable promise, both for cognitive modeling and for applications. In this model, rote memories of episodes play the central role, and schemata are viewed as epiphenomenal. This model is described in considerable detail in (Stanfill and Waltz, 1986) and will not be explained here; however, as I have prepared this paper, it has served as the background against which I have critically examined both connectionist and more traditional AI paradigms.