This chapter focuses on the case of China and explores recent evidence of the move of its universities from a peripheral position in the global community to a more central one. It also focuses on the cultural and scholarly ethos that international students will be exposed to in China, and its likely impact on the global community of scholarship, rather than on leadership in science and technology research. In his chapter, Cummings (2010) has noted several intriguing features of Japanese universities, which he sees as important in the present shift towards scientific and technological leadership in East Asia. The chapter shows how Chinese universities are moving from a peripheral status, characterized by reliance on external models, to a more central place in global affairs, with a rising tide of international students and the beginnings of programs designed to offer China's cultural and knowledge resources to a wider world.