Holism is an inclusive term that envelops the discussion of field theory in this book. Holistic endeavors are those that feature the whole and understand parts only in terms of the entire context. Holism is a broader concept than the bi-personality of psychoanalysis. The bi-personal dimension of psychoanalysis is one aspect of holistic principles. The trends of the beginning portion of the last century, discussed in Chapter 1, led to the understanding of all scientific inquiry in holistic terms, to varying degrees.