This chapter provides you with a necessary understanding of grounded theory’s nascent beginnings. We examine the procedures of what is often called ‘classic’ grounded theory (Annells 1997, Hallberg 2006) and then review the early growing pains that grounded theory underwent before it branched off into various methodological styles. Knowing about these issues will help you to make informed decisions later on when you use grounded theory in your own study, and further prepare you to justify your approach to those with different research perspectives.