After the transfer of Chen Quanguo from Tibet to Xinjiang as Communist Party Secretary in August 2016, the level of repression in the region increased dramatically. By the summer of 2017 a network of permanent re-education camps was under construction, designed to house thousands of Uyghurs detained by the authorities on suspicion of sympathising with separatist ideas. The existence of this undisclosed plan became known when notices were published, inviting bids for new construction projects. 1