This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book analyzes the tragedy in a garment factory in Bangladesh, and seeks to investigate the complex problems of globalization from the lack of good governance. It investigates the impediments to bureaucratic capacity, which may create problems for good governance. The countries of the global south continually face problems of economic and human development. The ultimate goal of good governance and foreign aid is to improve human development. Human development is measured by the Human Development Index (HDI) prepared by the United Nations Development Programme. Policy makers and academics consider good governance as important because, without it, developing countries, especially fragile countries, may become failed states. Therefore, it is important to understand the linkage between political violence and the indicators of good governance. It uses correlation and regression analysis to establish empirically the relationship between fragile states and good governance.