The following introductory activities are designed to encourage the reader to think about the issues raised in this chapter before reading it.

Loser: languages other than English

Number of languages that currently die out every year: four (ELCat, 2014). 40 per cent of the world’s 7,000 languages are in danger of disappearing

(ELCat, 2014). Percentage of languages that have fewer than 1,000 speakers: 25 (Crystal,

Winner: English-medium education

Increase in programmes taught in English in Europe in the past decade: 1,000 per cent (Brenn-White and Faethe, 2013).