This conclusion reveals that rural parents engage in invisible forms of parental involvement in their children's schooling through active strategic planning, gathering information, and providing positive learning environments for their children. This book on migrating families for education offers an exciting contribution to the migration literature. Migration for education creates new challenges for schools in terms of having students unfamiliar with the local dialect, having received different curriculum, and also the adjustment for children and their families into new environments. This book offers the mechanism for understanding how rural parents are involved in their children's schooling. Rural parents describe the hardships of living in rural areas, barriers that they face educating their children in schools and communities that are underresourced, and the challenges and opportunities of China's modernization. But, despite lacking in resources, rural parents are not passive, they have strong parent efficacy, and do focus their resources in ways that support their children's schooling.