ABSTRACT

The centrality of the relationship between the individual and the organisation inevitably draws the emerging human resource (HR) function to the fore. The human resource has become a key component of organisational well-being and the link to concepts such as intellectual capital have emphasised this centrality. It is the people who make up the organisation that will determine its effectiveness and this goes beyond simply how fast they might accomplish tasks or how effectively they approach tasks. People management is the responsibility of all line managers. It is not solely the responsibility of the organisation's personnel manager or HR manager. Of course, the HR manager will have people management responsibilities for his or her own staff and potentially for certain aspects of people management of employees engaged in other parts of the organisation. HRD concerns itself with the role or position of the individual in relation to the organisation. It focuses on the relationships that exist or can be developed within organisations.