A picture held us captive. And we could not get outside it for it lay in our language and language seemed to repeat it to us inexorably. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, para­ graph 115

This final chapter is rather different from the ones which have preceded it. Whereas they were concerned primarily with an exposition and evaluation of the leading ideas in Marx's own thought, this chapter is concerned with something rather different. For in it I shall analyse what I take to be Marx's most important and influential intellectual legacy.