Marxism has opened up a new era for mankind to seek the prospect of socialism. The presence and competition between different social systems are the historical facts that objectively existed in the twentieth century. After the end of the cold war, the trend of economic globalization has become a hot topic of public concern in many countries and a widely discussed academic topic in academia. With economic globalization, will politics and cultures, including the literature and arts of all countries, also be globalized? How should we respond to such a historic prospect and take proper measures? These are major issues needing to be seriously discussed by us.