ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION Thus far, we have discussed structural members subject to bending stress against one axis or tensile or compressive axial stress. Oftentimes, however, structural members must be designed to resist a combined loading condition. For example, the load on a column may be off-center, causing both an axial stress and a bending moment. This chapter includes discussions of the following types of combined loading conditions: single axis bending and axial tension, single axis bending and axial compression, eccentric loading on columns, and biaxial bending. See Figure 7.1.