This chapter indicates the degree of danger from the flesh of tuberculous animals, and shows that it is much smaller than that from milk and its products based on present evidence. The extermination of tuberculous cattle and of other tuberculous animals used for food. The chapter considers the evidence connecting tuberculous meat with the possibility of infecting man. In the words of the First Royal Commission, any person who takes tuberculous matter into the body as food incurs some risk of acquiring tuberculous disease. The second Royal Commission on the same subject laid down the principles in the inspection of the tuberculous carcasses of cattle. Town dwellers and the local authorities appointed to protect their health are in most instances completely impotent in respect of public measures against tuberculous milk. Butter and cheese may also contain tubercle bacilli. The first is the more important, as it bulks more largely in the dietary of children.