Two years after the second world war a little known, but remarkable, symposium of philosophers and writers was published by UNESCO. Giants in their fi eld, including Harold Laski, Aldous Huxley and Mahatma Gandhi, contributed their refl ections on the meaning and nature of rights and, and their inter-relationship with duties, to a Committee of Experts in Paris. 1 The following year their deliberations fed directly into the drafting of the founding document of the modern international human rights movement, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.