Oliver Woods was serving in the Middle East when a cable told him that his stepfather had been thrown out of the Observer. There were four good reasons why Beaverbrook backed Garvin: he was generous; it was good business, it annoyed the Astors, and he liked Garvin, they had been in close touch throughout Beaverbrook's time at the Ministry of Aircraft Production. Garvin relished the fact that a million and a half people bought the Sunday Express. Working for the Sunday Express was depressingly lonely. Early in January 1945 Garvin told Oliver: My connection with the Express Newspapers has come to an abrupt end. Garvin's work for the Telegraph was uneven in quality. His thinking ran parallel with his work in the great years that followed 1918. Frank Waters had been managing director of the News Chronicle and was now on The Times. Garvin's last article appeared in the Telegraph on 16 January 1947.