The cards seemed stacked against Jim Garvin. His own friends, powerful though they were, were powerless to help him. It was because he stood up for Winston Churchill, Beaverbrook and Brendan Bracken that he was in trouble with the Astors. Garvin thought Waldorf was a changed man and perhaps he was right. In April he had a heart attack which was probably a stroke. When Bill Astor returned from the Middle East the following year he noticed a change for the worse in Waldorf's relation to Nancy. He later told Christopher Sykes that the explanation might well be a personality change of the kind which a stroke can cause. This might equally explain the worsening of Waldorf's relation to Garvin which had somehow survived so many storms but was now doomed to shipwreck.