This chapter discusses symbolic representations and cultural interpretations of armed conflict. It also presents war as an extension of the state-making and nation-making project through state-directed integration of society, highlighting the effects of nationalist propaganda and mass indoctrination. This chapter addresses how culture pushes societies and individuals to participate in war through a valorization of violence, glorification of their own soldiers, and demonization of the enemy in the mass media and popular culture. Finally, the chapter considers how war is remembered and commemorated.