On Arab Gulf lobbying impact on US foreign policy, a lobbying specialist interviewed and said: All of the respondents gave similar answers with regards to the effect of Arab Gulf lobbying on US foreign policy. In the case of US foreign policy, they have to do the talks themselves, and this is something they avoid as it puts them in direct confrontation with other parties, namely the pro-Israel lobby. Besides highlighting the impact of arms deals on the American economy, Arab Gulf states have relied on their diplomats to convince the American administration of the importance of the different arms sales. In cases of commercial interests or arms sales, Arab Gulf governments rely on their American counterparts and take the back seat. Another respondent explained how Arab Gulf lobbying has never aimed to influence US foreign policy to take a certain direction and said: There has been no lobbying with the political system.