This chapter features thought experiments, discussion questions and further readings on the problem of suffering. One issue that has, above all, turned people away from belief in God is the problem of needless suffering. It just seems repugnant to people to believe in an all-loving and powerful God when there is so much suffering in the world. Philosophers of religion have separated the issue into two broad problems. On the one hand one have the suffering caused by people on people. On the other hand there is the suffering caused by nature. The case study gives clear view of the analogy to theism with the father son relationship. The father is meant to represent God. The existence of such a God who is all-knowing, all-powerful and all-loving, seems incompatible with human suffering. If God was going to create the best possible world, then that world needed to be one in which humans have free will.