Between 1953 and 1979 China’s population increased by 69 per­ cent,^ with no significant change in the breakdown between the urban

2and rural population. With the cessation of a long period of war, the establishment of political unity, law and order, new public health measures, and greater food security, China’s population boomed during the 1950s and 1960s. Only recently have the Chinese been able to bring down their population growth rate to a manageable 1.2 percent.