During the last thirty or so years that we have been proclaiming negritude, it has become customary, especially among English-speaking critics, to accuse us of racialism. This is probably because the word is not of English origin. But, in the language of Shakespeare, is it not in goo~ company with the words humanism and socialism? Mphahleles1 have been sent abut the world saying: 'Negritude is an inferiority complex'; but the same word cannot mean both 'racialism' and 'inferiority complex' without contradiction. The most recent attack comes from Ghana, where the government has commissioned a poem entitled 'I hate negritude' - as if one could hate oneself, hate one's being, without ceasing to be.