As this response indicates, the last dying speech of Henry Cu e was not the set piece hoped for by the state. Cu e, who was executed in 1601 for his role in the Earl of Essex’s plot, was openly de ant on the sca old, forcing the o cials at his execution to interrupt him several times.2 He did acknowledge that he was there to make satisfaction to his God, his queen and country for his o ense, but he declared his innocence and challenged the premise of the verdict.