Like Chapter 5, this chapter is divided into two sections. e rst covers the period 1947−73, examining the Yorokaen institution and its replacement home in Ogaki City, Gifu Prefecture (successors of Ogaki Old People’s Almshouse), and drawing on records held on site and at Gifu Record O ce. e second section provides institutional histories of Yorokaen (both the 1963 replacement and its 1994 reconstruction) a er 1970, and the city’s rst nursing home, Kusunokien, opened in 1987, mainly using interview material.