In the early twentieth century, indoor long-term care for the aged poor, sick or frail in Norfolk was provided mainly in twenty-two union workhouses under the 1834 Poor Law, each administered by an elected board of guardians.1 Under the 1929 Local Government Act, county and county borough councils took over Poor Law services and workhouses, which were subsequently administered by their Public Assistance Committees. Norfolk comprised three councils: Norfolk county itself and the more urban Norwich and Great Yarmouth county boroughs.