Following the fall of Singapore on 15 February 1942 the loss of Burma presented India with economic and strategic crises that she was ill-equipped to address. It also threw into stark relief the economic, operational and logistical challenges which had to be overcome before the war could be taken back to the enemy. Some of these emerged from the lessons of defeat in Malaya and Burma and some from India’s own economic and strategic position in May 1942, when the Japanese arrived on her eastern frontier. e following two chapters explore the logistic contribution to, and implications of, the loss of Burma, and then the state of India’s preparedness for war against Japan, in which she was to be the front line and strategic base. From these examinations emerge the main logistic problems that had to be solved at the strategic, operational and tactical levels of warfare before the allies could go back onto the o ensive.