These theoretical and methodological issues were one of the principal sources for the idea of holding a conference based upon Lockwood's article. To secure as cohesive and integrated a programme as possible, contributors were asked in advance to pay particular attention to the relationship·between the empirical evidence about particular occupational groups and the theoretical formulation of the sociological ideal types of 'proletarian traditional worker' and 'deferential traditional worker' and their underlying work and community structures. The value of the 1966 article lies not least in drawing together strands from both theoretical and empirical sources to provide a new theoretical perspective on working-class social imagery, in turn stimulating further empirical research.