Ample evidence exists, however, to suggest caution in the face of triumphalism. Warning signs are surfacing in South Korea and Taiwan, the miracle models of capitalist development. After decades of systematic exploitation, the South Korean labor force erupted in thousands of strikes during the late 1980s, undermining the very basis of that country’s export success. Meanwhile, decades of uncontrolled industrial development have left large parts of Taiwan’s landscape with poisoned soil and toxic water.