Elizabeth Brown lives in the northwest section of Detroit, Michigan.1 She is a single mother of two children. Dana and Dale are twelve and thirteen, respectively. Elizabeth is thirty. She works hard, holding down two jobs. She is a full-time restaurant manager and part-time waitress. A former welfare recipient, she is a model of success for the new federal welfare law’s work requirements. She now makes significantly more than the average person who has left welfare, but substantially less than that required to meet the needs of her family.