Despite the need for them that is so apparent in these pages, current intergovernmental organizations are ﬂimsy; they are without human and ﬁnancial resources commensurate with the size of the transborder problems that they are supposed to address. Even such powerful ones as the UN Security Council and the World Bank often lack funds or authority or both. Other organizations are under construction or are not up to current building codes (so to speak); still others have architectural plans on drawing boards with only a prototype, not the real thing, to address gargantuan demands. As indicated earlier, it is not so much the numbers of IGOs that is the concern but rather feeble mandates, inadequate resources, and no autonomy. We require better, not more, IGOs.