ABSTRACT

The relation between social actors and technology, particularly communication technologies, is of the first importance. The telegraph allowed news to be sent all over the world, allowing the Nihilists to seek fame, spread their ideas, and make their actions universally known.1 Cassette technology allowed the Islamic Revolution in Iran to duplicate and distribute Ayatollah Khomeyni’s discourses despite radio and TV censorship. Facebook and Twitter have made possible a new intensity of communication between actors. Before their advent, the available technologies (e.g., TV, cassette, telephone) enabled passive, one-sided communication among actors. Today’s Internetbased media have permitted the development of interactive relationships.