In recent decades, the Arab world at large witnessed the emergence of a new generation of people who share many subjective features although they have major differences in social class or professional opportunity. These features can be summarized as follows:

A decent level of education that makes many young people, men and women, if not alike, at least close to each other in terms of culture, aware of what is going on in the world through the new communication networks, and able to argue and reason about world affairs as well as national or regional issues; this generation does not share the views of older people about politics, refuses to bow to the great men as national leaders or religious authorities, and is convinced of its rights as citizens, not merely as insignificant members of a community whose fate is decided from above by transcendent rulers.