ABSTRACT

This chapter highlights several characteristics of the author's own theoretical approach that distinguish it from the other approaches. It presents a summary of the information and beyond by listing assumptions and themes important for the present, embedded-process theoretical framework for information processing. This shows not only where the author stands on various issues, but also how his approach has evolved. Verbal and visual materials tend not to interfere with each other very much in working memory tasks. The verbal materials did seem to be stored in a phonological form, as opposed to a sensory form, given that printed items were confused in working memory based on similarities in the sounds of their names, not based on the way they look. A key working memory mechanism appears to have a capacity of about three or four chunks in the average young adult, and that capacity is less in children.