Excerpts 4-1, 4-2, 4-3, and 4-6 are very similar, but they require intense practice to master. Conduct each one, executing the preparatory beats in two ways. (1) The two-count prep: start center; give beat one as a neutral count with wrist only; give beat two as the live prep; (2) the one-count prep: start in the preparatory position for count one; give the prep beat on count two, breathing in sharply. In both instances the musicians will play the fraction on the “and” of two if you are secure and convincing with your gestures. Refer to Figure 4.1 and Video 4-1. Conduct a crisp, staccato style for all of these excerpts. https://s3-euw1-ap-pe-df-pch-content-public-u.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/9781315621593/68c3adb8-e86c-415a-9094-f3591386aef8/content/ifig0001.jpg"/>