This chapter is designed to help you study, analyze, and prepare scores for rehearsal and performance. Score study in advance of rehearsal is essential for valid interpretation, efficient rehearsing, and—especially for inexperienced conductors—developing effective manual technique. Never attempt to learn music with the performers during practice; always acquire an aural concept of the score through study before the rehearsal. Consider the following questions: How should the music sound? What is the historical period and how does it influence the style? What does the composer want? How can you achieve a valid and expressive performance? How should the music move? Where is it going? How should it get there? What exactly should be accomplished in rehearsal?