The previous chapter introduced the Dracula of fiction. If Stoker’s vampireCount were the only figure to be named Dracula, then the development of Dracula tourism in Romania would be a relatively straightforward form of literary or screen tourism, constructed around a particular (if unwanted) literary myth. However, the situation in Romania is further complicated by the existence of an historic figure – Vlad III, better known as Vlad the Impaler – who was also known as Dracula and who is held in high regard in contemporary Romania. The confusion has been amplified by influential (if somewhat contrived) attempts to promote the Dracula of Romanian history as the inspiration for Stoker’s vampire. Therefore, in order to understand fully the development of Dracula tourism in Romania we need to examine the significance of the ‘historical’ Dracula.