In this chapter the focus of attention moves from cadavers as a whole, and tissues in general, to skeletal remains. This is a move from the realm of anatomy to that of physical anthropology, and also from human beings who have died recently to those who may have died many years ago. In spite of these shifts in emphases, we have not left the sphere of the human body, nor of the many ethical dilemmas that are inherent in the treatment of human remains.