The numerous theoretical perspectives in Sociology have been categorized in a variety of ways. In this book theoretical perspectives are divided into macro and micro approaches since the relationship between macro and micro social problems is very important. The ¿rst approach covered is the macro perspective, which deals with the inÀuences of social structures on people’s lives. It is based on the notion that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, and that human experiences and behaviors are largely determined by the nature of social institutions like churches, political organizations, and even smaller institutions like the family. Two of the most commonly discussed macro theoretical perspectives are structural functionalism and conÀict theory, but other perspectives will also be included.