This chapter focuses on the development of Smart Flexibility in the government sector in the UK. The issues though are applicable to government anywhere, and to much of the wider public sector too. As well as having an impact on how government organises its own working practices, the practice of Smart Flexibility also has impacts on areas of public policy such as economic development and planning future settlements – in other words how we live and work now and in the future. So later in the chapter we look at how smart approaches can make a difference in these fields and how government working practices can interact positively with wider social benefits. Government also has a role in promoting environmental sustainability, and this is dealt with in detail in the next chapter.