The Recusant period takes its name from those Catholics who refused (recusare) to conform to the Anglican Church. It is an era of disinheritance and disconnection. Catholics were driven out of the Medieval English church and forced to set up their own organisation. In one sense then they occupied the same position as other Nonconformist denominations. The difference of course lay in their ties with the Papacy; and, unlike with Catholics on the Continent, such a relationship was untrammelled by association with a Church officially recognised by the State.