A strictly universal language, whatever it may be, will certainly, by necessity and by its natural bent, be both the most enslaved, impoverished, timid, monotonous, uniform, arid, and ugly language ever. It will be incapable of beauty of any type, totally uncongenial to imagination […] the most inanimate, bloodless, and dead [entity], a mere skeleton, a ghost of a language […] it would lack life even if it were written by all and universally understood; indeed it will be deader than the deadest of languages which are no longer either spoken or written.