Since the licensing of third-generation (3G) mobile telecommunications commenced around the turn of the millennium, a wide-ranging and increasingly extensive body of research has emerged. A significant proportion of this research has focused on the evolution of the structure of the mobile telecommunications industry,1 or on the licensing processes used and their consequences.2 Other researchers, in contrast, have concentrated on the technologies that have been adopted by mobile operators, the services that have been developed and how these have been introduced into the marketplace.3