The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) now groups together nine countries,1 most of which have put in place intellectual property (IP) laws that were originally either inherited from the colonial past or adopted later as part of the urge to modernize. The ASEAN law-making process in the post-independence era was predicated, as a former Secretary General of the ASEAN Law Association wrote, on the need to ‘provide guarantees for the safety of loans and investment capital’ and the transfer of technology from abroad for national development, as well as to meet new requirements triggered by changing values resulting from advances in modernization.2