This chapter begins by setting the scene in terms of important learning concepts that have relevance for the application of learning in organizations. It also offers some definitions of learning transfer, as well as describing different types of transfer. Some distinctions are made between transfer of training and transfer of learning, as both terms appear regularly in the literature. Both behavioural and cognitive approaches are considered (don’t worry, these will be explained!), and the relevance to transfer of adult learning principles, constructivist teaching methods and action learning are also dealt with. Those of you less theoreticallyminded may prefer to skim over most of this chapter now and come back to it later. However you should make sure to have a look at the model that helps it all hang together before you leave the chapter.