Selwyn, alongside Robert Gray of Cape Town, was the leading colonial ecclesiastic present at the First Lambeth Conference, and as Corresponding Secretary for the Anglican Communion he was the most significant influence in ensuring that the Second Lambeth Conference took place. Selwyn’s ideas of conciliar authority – with a pan-Anglican synod with authority above that of the provincial synod – were important in fostering a global identity for the Anglican Communion, witnessed to by the Lambeth Conference, though the failure of the conference to adopt the model of a pan-Anglican synod indirectly sowed the seeds for later tensions.