Having reviewed the successes and failures of republicanism and cosmopolitanism

in the first decade of the twenty-first century, one does well to remember that

political sensibilities are eternally in flux. Although Kenneth Adelman suggested

that neo-conservatism would remain dormant for at least a generation, one may

safely predict a resurgence of American republicanism in some form sooner than

that.1 European heads of state have already begun the process of finding a substitute

for the Constitutional Treaty. In 2007, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, then

occupying the rotating EU presidency, called for a new agreement in time for the

2009 European parliamentary elections.2 Vladimir Putin, meanwhile, completes his

second term as president in 2008. Under Russian law circa 2007, he cannot serve a

third, and there is no way to know how long or how successfully his successors will

maintain the republican elements of his policies.