For several decades, historians have emphasised the need to identify those parishes

that bound children to textile mills, in order to estimate the extent of factory

apprenticeship; to assess the outcome of the policies that moved children from

parish to mill; and to challenge conventional wisdom that the trade in poor children

was simply a northward movement from London.1 It is unlikely that the true extent

of parish factory apprenticeship during early industrialisation will ever be known,

but as evidence so far presented is very limited, any progress must be welcome.